4 THE DOWNFALL OF ROYALTY.‘
streets contain a’ hostile population ready to SWel1 everyriot. Near the Pavilion of- Marsan is the Palais Royal, that headquarters of _insurrection, with its cafes, its ga1nbling—dens, its houses of ill- fame, its wooden galleries which are known as the camp of the Tartars. It is the Duke of Orleans who has democratized the Palais Royal. In spite of the sa-rcasms of the aristocracy and the lawsuits of
neighboring proprietors, he has destroyed the ﬁne"
gardens bounded by the rue de Richelieu, the rue des Petit-Champs, and the rue des Bons-Enfants. In the place it occupied he has caused the rue de Valois, the rue de Beaujolais, and the rue de Montpensier to be opened, all of them inhabited by a revolutionary population. The remaining space he has surrounded on three sides with constructions pierced by ga-ller- ies, where he has built the shops that form the ﬁnest bazaar in Europe. The fourth side of these new con- structions was originally intended to form part of the Prince’s palace, and to be composed of an open eolonnade supporting suites of apartments. But this side has not been erected. In place of it the Duke of Orleans has run up some temporary wooden sheds, containing three rows of shops separated by _two large passage-ways, the ground of which has. not even been made level.
The privileges pertaining to the Orleansfamily prevent the police from entering’ the enclosure of the Palais Royal. Hence it becomes the rendezvous of all conspirators. The taking of the Bastille was